Creating News Deserts

GateHouse Media New England’s closure of its Somerville office is the latest move in a growing newspaper trend: smaller, more corporate, fewer reporters. What does that mean for some of Massachusetts’ largest cities and towns?

Later this year, GateHouse Media New England will close its Somerville office and move reporters and editors for the Cambridge Chronicle & Tab and the Somerville Journal to offices in Lexington and Danvers.

It’s the kind of news that causes more uproar for ink-stained journalists than it does among the larger public. And that’s understandable, because we haven’t lost the newspapers. Ideally, reporters need only a laptop and an internet connection to work remotely from city hall or at a coffee shop downtown.

But the move is emblematic of the direction that many regional newspaper companies in the U.S., including GateHouse, have taken over the years: smaller, more corporate, fewer reporters. In their place, citizen journalism is growing stronger.

And the decision to take local reporters out of their cities will change things.

“Being able to walk through that town means a lot,” said the Boston Business Journal’s David Harris, who edited the Cambridge Chronicle & Tab for six years and broke the story about the Somerville office closure. “It changes the dynamics of what gets covered, whether it’s a business or a person that you run into on the street versus getting a press release via email.”

The Cambridge Chronicle & Tab will move 10 miles away to GateHouse’s downtown Lexington office, which is already home to the Lexington Minuteman, the Belmont Citizen-Herald, the Arlington Advocate and the Winchester Star. The Danvers shop will now be home to the Somerville Journal and more than a dozen other titles, including the Cape Ann Beacon, the Melrose Free Press, and the Newburyport Current.

That makes sense for a corporation that now operates more than 100 newspapers across the Commonwealth. Putting more titles under one roof means fewer offices. Additionally, GateHouse has centralized newspaper design in Austin, Texas, helping them save money on design staff.

But from a “community journalism” standpoint? It is counterintuitive that a national media company, which emerged from bankruptcy in 2013 to buy the Cape Cod Times, the Providence Journal, and the Worcester Telegram & Gazette, is pulling money and staff out of Massachusetts’ fifth and twelfth largest cities. Cambridge and Somerville are two of the wealthier and more highly-educated cities in New England and could conceivably sustain more local news. This move is taking place in the middle of a growing economy when other media companies like the Boston Globe and the Boston Herald have taken steps to expand their offerings.

However, moves like these do seem to be working at least at the bottom line. GateHouse’s parent company New Media Investment Group led the newspaper chain to turn a profit for the first time in more than a decade. It’s encouraging to see that a newspaper company that is so important to local journalism in Massachusetts is making money.

But these moves are already transforming journalism in local cities and towns. When Patch and The Boston Globe (through “Your Town”) stopped using local reporters in 2014, their exit left GateHouse weekly newspapers as the sole newspapers of record in some of the state’s largest cities. For some of those cities, like Cambridge, the GateHouse weekly became the main source of municipal news.

Here is how newspapers in some of those cities and towns – home to 500,000 residents – are staffed:

Largest MA cities Population GateHouse news reporters and editors on staff
5. Cambridge 109,694 2
11. Newton 88,287 3
12. Somerville 78,901 2
15. Waltham 63,014 2
17. Malden 60,859 1
18. Brookline 59,334 3
20. Medford 57,437 2

With limited staff, these newspapers rarely make political endorsements and don’t often hold editorial boards. They don’t have columnists to deliver compelling human interest stories or crystallize key city issues. But Harris isn’t ready to declare these cities as news deserts yet.

“There’s a fear that that is happening,” Harris said. “I don’t think we’re completely there yet.”

That’s because residents are doing what they can to launch their own efforts to deliver citizen journalism. In the absence of big Boston newspapers, these citizen journalists are taking up the role of digging into city hall, the local police department, and the business community.

There is also a dedicated team of journalists working for the alternative press, led by DigBoston, the Boston Institute for Nonprofit Journalism, and the Bay State Examiner, and they are bulldogs on public records.

But it’s unclear how long local journalism can depend on reporting from part-time citizen journalists. In Cambridge, home to multinational corporations, world-class universities and high profile residents, journalists are vital to providing info on Planning Board approval of a sprawling new development or Google’s appearance before the City Council.

“There are stories that are probably going to slip through and probably have slipped through,” Harris said. “But there are some enterprising reporters out there who will find those great stories no matter what.”

In 2011, CommonWealth Magazine profiled the decline of newspapers, providing print circulation numbers for the state’s largest dailies. Here’s where some of those subscription numbers stand today. GateHouse numbers come from New Media’s latest annual report.

Newspaper Daily subscribers in 2000 Daily subscribers in 2015
Boston Globe 469,878 115,000
Boston Herald 261,017 65,000
Worcester Telegram & Gazette 103,054 46,634
Patriot Ledger 68,387 23,800
Cape Cod Times 50,106 29,750
The Enterprise 41,197 13,314
The Standard-Times 37,151 16,993

Alex Bloom is a director in O’Neill and Associates’ communications practice. Connect with him by email at and on Twitter at @AlexBloom_05

New Pilot Program Aims to Increase Recycling in MBTA Subway Stations

Massachusetts Beverage AssociationMBTA logo


MassRecycle, MBTA, Massachusetts Beverage Association unveil Alewife Station Kiosks

CAMBRIDGE, MA – Commuters walking in and out of Cambridge’s Alewife station will soon be met with 7-foot tall, U.S.-made kiosks built with 100 percent recycled materials, offering riders the space and information to recycle on the go.

The two kiosks are part of a pilot program designed by MassRecycle in partnership with the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), the Massachusetts Beverage Association, and Casella Recycling, with the long-term goal of increasing recycling in MBTA Subway stations.

Cambridge’s Alewife Station is the northernmost stop on the Red Line and sees over 11,000 visitors per weekday, including those who travel to the station on foot, by bus and by car.

“We take pride in the MBTA’s ability to foster more sustainable lifestyles and help commuters reduce their carbon footprint,” said MBTA General Manager Frank DePaola. “Increasing the T’s ability to  recycle, and educating its customers on the environmental advantages of the program, is a very important step towards making the MBTA the most sustainable transit organization in the country. It is also a great example of public and private collaboration for the betterment of Boston and surrounding communities.”

The recycling receptacles are expected to not only be cost-neutral when it comes to maintenance, but to have the potential to increase revenue for the MBTA if used on a larger scale by making space for increased advertising revenue and adding valuable materials to recycling tonnages, including aluminum and PET, the material used for water bottles.

“Community recycling programs do an excellent job of diverting materials from the waste stream, but it’s also important to make it easier for people to recycle on the go,” said Nicole Giambusso, a spokesperson for the Massachusetts Beverage Association. “This pilot program targets a heavily traveled public space with education and accessibility, both of which are critical to any effort to increase recycling.”

The Massachusetts Beverage Association is a sponsor of the Alewife pilot program as part of its Massachusetts Recycling Challenge, which has included placing recycling receptacles in high foot-traffic areas in Worcester, Lowell, Salem, Quincy, and several other communities to increase on-the-go recycling, as well as providing technical assistance to communities seeking to enhance their municipal recycling programs, and holding seminars that were collectively attended by representatives from over 100 cities and towns.

“To increase the state’s recycling rate, it’s important that we target the issue from all angles,” said Edward Hsieh, executive director of MassRecycle. “Highly traveled public spaces like MBTA Subway stations are a critical part of the waste-reduction puzzle in Massachusetts. This pilot program is the perfect example of how an organization, public or private, can do its part to offer convenient public space recycling.”

Casella Recycling is supporting the project by offering design and marketing services and consultation free of charge. Casella Recycling will also provide removal service for the recyclables collected during the pilot program.

The new recycling receptacles were unveiled at an event Wednesday morning, which included remarks by Frank DePaola, general manager for the MBTA, Cambridge Mayor David Maher, Jefferson Smith of MassRecycle, and Steve Boksanski, a representative for The Massachusetts Beverage Association.

“Increasing recycling is a top priority in Cambridge,” said Maher. “I know that residents of Cambridge and surrounding areas are committed to protecting our local environment, and this program gives them added infrastructure to do what is right.”

The MBTA, Massachusetts Beverage Association and MassRecycle will evaluate the pilot program as it progresses to determine how successes can be replicated at other MBTA Subway stations.


About MassRecycle

MassRecycle is the statewide 501(c)3 coalition of individuals, municipalities, businesses, institutions and nonprofits dedicated to promoting and realizing the economic, social and environmental benefits resulting from reducing, reusing and recycling, and to increasing the utilization of recycled products. Learn more at

About the Massachusetts Beverage Association

The Massachusetts Beverage Association represents the state’s non-alcoholic beverage industry, including producers, distributors, franchise companies and support industries.

About the MBTA

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority is the oldest transportation company in the country and serves approximately 1.3 million passengers a day.